An apple a day can be very beneficial to our bodies. Apples are extremely rich in important antioxidants, flavonoids, and dietary fiber. The phytonutrients and antioxidants in this fruit may help reduce the risk of developing cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. This article discusses the nutritional value and health benefits of eating an apple a day.
Reduce the risk of Heart Diseases
Apples are an exceptionally healthy fruit with many research-backed benefits. They are high in fiber and water, two qualities that make them filling. They contain soluble fiber, which can help lower your blood cholesterol levels and are, therefore, linked to a lower risk of heart disease.
It can also help prevent heart disease by lowering blood pressure, reducing LDL oxidation, and acting as antioxidants. In addition, eating an apple a day contributes to reduced risk of stroke.
Decrease Risk of Diabetes
Apples also provide a lower risk of Type-2 diabetes according to studies. In one large study, eating an apple a day was linked to a 28% lower risk of Type-2 diabetes, compared to not eating any of this fruit. This wonder fruit is responsible for regulating blood sugar when consumed. It reduces glucose absorption from the digestive track while stimulating beta cells to secrete insulin.
Reduce Risk of Cancer
Apples contain several naturally occurring compounds that may help fight cancer. Observational studies have linked the eating of apples to a lower risk of cancer and death from cancer. Researchers at Cornell University have identified several compounds (triterpenoids) in the peel that have potent anti-growth activities against cancer cells in the liver, colon, and breast.
Apple skin contains a flavonoid called quercetin, which can help regulate the immune system and reduce inflammation, two ways quercetin affects asthma and allergic reactions. Apples have been shown to provide powerful protection against asthma. Studies have also found that children who drink apple juice are about 50 percent less likely to develop asthma symptoms.
Varieties of Apples
Similarly, there are different apple varieties. With so many delicious options it’s easy to find one pleasing to you. Often their descriptions are limited to green or red varieties, but many golden yellow and bi-color apples exist, too.
Most importantly, what makes an apple unique is much more complex than its exterior skin. Each variety has some unique characteristics that define it. An apple’s flavor, crispness, juiciness, flesh texture, skin thickness, and acidity set it apart from other varieties. Some apple varieties, like the Stayman, have thicker outer skins while the McIntosh has thin skins.
But it’s not just the skin that determines the bite and crunch of an apple. The inner flesh of each variety varies as well. Some varieties have very firm, clean breaking flesh that is less juicy while others have creamy, super juicy inner flesh. Even the inner color of an apple varies among varieties. A Cortland is crispy and has a bright white flesh. Cameo is dense and has a creamy yellow interior.
Some apples are sweet with only hints of tartness, like the Cameo, which has notes of honey and citrus. A Pink Lady has a crunchy, tangy bite that is effervescent. The Honeycrisp has a delicate balance of sweet and tart with soft honey flavor. A Jonagold is rich in sweetness but has a refreshing tartness.
With all the varieties of apple available, no doubt you can always find one that suits your taste. Eat an apple a day.